International Literacy Day

ABC ... It's easy as 123!
So why can't 1 in 5 people
read or write?
International Literacy Day
8 September 2015

International Literacy Day 2015 is celebrated at Tuesday, on 8th of September.
International Literacy Day History
The International Literacy Day was decided by the UNESCO at 7th of November in the year 1965 to celebrate it at 8th of September every year which was celebrated first time in the year 1966. It was started celebrating all over the world to emphasize the great importance of the literacy to the individuals, society and communities. The day is celebrated specially to rememorize the status of the literacy and adult education to the international community.

International Literacy Day Celebration
According to the global monitoring report over education it is noted that one among the five man and two third women is illiterate. Some of them have minimum literacy skills, some children are still out of school and some are irregularly attending the school. South and West Asia is noted to have the lowest adult literacy rate of about 58.6%. The countries with the lowest literacy rate are Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger.
The day is celebrated having special themes, programs and goals of education all over the world. The theme of year 2007 and 2008 celebration was the Literacy and Health (strong attention over the epidemics to prevent people from the communicable diseases like HIV, Tuberculosis, cholera and Malaria). The theme of the year 2009 and 2010 was the Literacy and Empowerment of women whereas the theme of 2011 and 2012 celebration was the Literacy and Peace.
The importance of celebrating the day is to promote the public consciousness about extraordinary value of written word and requirement to encourage the literate rate of the society. Some of the writers writing to support literacy improvement are Margaret Atwood, Paulo Coelho, Philippe Delerm, Paul Auster, Philippe Claudel, Fatou Diome and many more. Some of the companies, charity organizations, Global Development Research Center, Rotary International, Montblanc and the National Institute for Literacy are also involved in supporting the social literacy. Literacy shapes the life of human beings as well as builds up their cultural identity.
Why International Literacy Day is celebrated
Celebrating the International Literacy Day is to promote the human attention towards the literacy and know their rights for social and human development. Literacy is as important as food to be alive and success. It is too necessary to eradicate the poverty, lowering the child mortality, controlling the population growth, attaining the gender equality and etc. Literacy has the ability to raise the family status and hence the country status. It is celebrated to encourage the people towards getting continuous education and understand their responsibilities for the family, society and the country.
International Literacy Day - 1 in 5: that's 776 million adults worldwide that can't write their own name or read a line from a book.   A basic right to education that richer countries like ours don't have to worry about, compared to much poorer places in the Third World.

Thankfully, UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is dedicated to tackling the link between poverty and literacy.  The day was founded in 1946 and every year on 8 September UNESCO asks governments, employers, trades unions and other important international organisations to get involved and remember the importance of being able to read and write.

So, what is literacy and why is literacy so important?   Well, we need to be able to read and write to get through our important everyday tasks: from something as small as writing a shopping list, to passing through school and into employment.   Where would we be if we couldn't do these things?   Literacy opens up a window of opportunities to every one of us, and is essential to our development.

Every year on 8 September the UNESCO International Literacy Prizes are awarded.  The prize is worth $20,000.   Literacy programmes from The Saakshar Bharat (Literate India) Mission and The Dhaka Ahsania Mission in Bangladesh were some of the winners of UNESCO’s literacy prizes for 2013.  http://www.national-awareness-days.com/international-literacy-day.html

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